Ceramic Tile Installation in an Elegant Bathroom
The fifth step in the manufacturing of ceramic tile. The tiles are fired in the kiln at temperatures around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit.
Part of the fourth step (glazing) in the manufacturing of ceramic tile. The glaze liquid is prepared from a glass derivative called frit and colored dyes. The glaze is applied by either a high-pressure spray or is poured directly onto the tile.
Glazed ceramic tiles are coated with glass-forming minerals and ceramic stains. Typically, they have a matte, semi-gloss, or high-gloss finish. They can offer better stain and moisture resistance than unglazed tile. When you look at a glazed tile from the side, you can see two layers. The body of the tile, or most substantial layer, is called the bisque. The top layer is called the glaze. Glazed tiles have a hard non-porous, impermeable surface after firing.
The fourth step in the manufacturing of ceramic tiles. Glazing liquid is prepared from a glass derivative called frit and colored dyes. The glaze is applied by either a high-pressure spray or is poured directly onto the tile.
The third step in the manufacturing of ceramic tile. Here, clay is pressed or formed into a tile shape. These pressed tiles are called green tiles at this stage.
Grout is a type of cement used to fill the space and provide support in tile joints. There are two types of grout commonly used in home installations; Portland adhesive-based and epoxy-based. Both of these grout compounds may have sand added to provide additional strength to the tile joint.
Tiles that have less than .5% moisture absorption. These tiles are frost proof and can be used in exterior areas or on the outside of building facades. You can use these where winters are severe.
As the density of the tile increases, the amount of moisture that tiles can absorb becomes less. Tile density means that, as the weight or the thickness of the tile increases, it becomes a more durable tile. Tile density and moisture absorption have an indirect relationship to each other. This means that as the thickness of the tile increases, the moisture absorption rate becomes less. Tile density and moisture absorption are essential for you to understand when selecting tile for different applications.
Ceramic tiles are fired in a kiln at temperatures around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. Tiles that are fired once after the glaze is applied are called Monocuttura Tile or single fired.
In addition to ceramic tile styles, manufacturers also offer decorative inserts, medallions, and mosaics to create intricate patterns and beautiful borders. Tile size 2″x2″ and smaller are usually referred to as mosaics and are often used with different colors to create a profile or decorative inset. Some of these smaller tiles also come in different shapes, such as hexagon.
Tile is usually referred to by its nominal size, not its actual size. During the firing process, ceramic tile will shrink, on average, by about 10% in format. For example, a 12″ by 12″ floor tile may measure 11-1/2 inches square. Currently, the most popular ceramic floor tiles are the larger sized tiles such as 12″ x 24″, 16″ by 16″ and 18″ by 18″ sizes.
Tiles that absorb 7% or more moisture. They are suited for indoor use only.
Porcelain tile is made up of 50% feldspar and is fired at a much higher temperature than regular ceramic tile. This makes porcelain tile much harder and denser than other tile products. Because of its highly durable make-up, porcelain is more resistant to scratches and can withstand temperature extremes. Also, because porcelain is non-porous, it’s very stain resistant, has minimal water absorption ratings (less than 0.5%), and can be used for interior and exterior applications and heavy-use and commercial areas. Finally, because porcelain’s color goes all the way through, small scratches or chips are less noticeable.
The third and most common step in the manufacturing of ceramic tile. The clay is pressed or formed into a tile shape. These pressed tiles are called green tiles at this stage.
There are two types of grout commonly used in home installations; Portland cement based, and epoxy based. Both of these grout compounds may have sand added to provide additional strength to the tile joint. Sanded grout is recommended for tile joints 1/8th of an inch or more.
Sanitary Cove Base
A ceramic floor tile trim with a rounded finished top like a bullnose to cover up the tile’s body.
Tiles that absorb from 3% to 7% moisture. They are applicable for indoor use only.