All You Need to Know About Hardwood Flooring Terminology
Learn about hardwood flooring and understand commonly used terms. For definitions of other terms not listed here, please go to these sections: Hardwood Construction, Hardwood Choices, Before Buying Hardwood and Before Your Hardwood Arrives.
A somewhat different chemical make up than Polyurethane with the same benefits
Any floor that is above the level of the neighboring ground on which the structure is built.
A cement slab below the level of the surrounding terrain, such as in a basement.
Acrylic monomers are inserted into the wood’s cell structure to give increased hardness and then finished with a wear layer over the wood.
This is added to the urethane finish on prefinished hardwoods for greater abrasion resistance of the wear layer.
A quality of oak. Better Oak has some minor knots and very little dark graining.
These products have a unique groove down the edges of the planks. Beveled edge planks lend themselves to a casual, rustic design.
A quality of oak. Clear oak has no visual imperfections or knots.
In the summer, when the humidity is higher, Hardwood will expand, and gaps will disappear. If there is too much humidity, it may cause the wood planks to cup or buckle.
Advanced technology allows the use of ceramics to increase the abrasion resistance of the wear layer.
Warping of a plank with a concave appearance, the sides are higher than the center.
Engineered wood plies stacked top of each other but in the opposite direction is called cross-ply construction. This produces a wood floor that is dimensionally stable and less affected by moisture than a 3/4″ solid wood floor. The cross-ply structure allows the plies to counteract each other, which will stop the plank from expanding or shrinking with humidity changes. The additional benefit for you is versatility. These floors can be installed over concrete slabs in your basement as well as anywhere else in your home.
One of the three typical types of wood floors. (Others are Solid and Longstrip Plank.) Engineered wood floors are generally produced with 2,3, or 5 thin sheets or plies of wood connected together to form one plank. Most engineered floors can be nailed down, glued down, or floated over a wide variety of subfloors, including concrete and some existing flooring types.
Each board is just slightly beveled. Some manufacturers add eased edges to both the length of the planks as well as the end joints. Eased edges are utilized to help hide minor irregularities, such as uneven plank heights. Eased edge is also called a micro-beveled side.
Finish in Place
Finish in place, or site-finished hardwood flooring is installed in the home and then sanded. The stain and 2-3 coats of urethane finish are then applied. The urethane finish, mopped on or brushed, is referred to as a “floor finish,” not a “furniture finish.” Finish in place floors may be screened and recoated to revive the finish and revitalize the floor’s natural beauty